Mount Rinjani lies within the boundaries of the Gunung Rinjani National Park, a 40.000 ha reserve on the island of Lombok Indonesia.
Being just one of several peaks that are the remains of extinct volcano that have collapsed in on themselves, the summit reaches a heady 3,726m above sea level.
Lying within the 6km by 8km caldera is lake Segara Anak ( child of the Sea ). Covering over 1200ha, Segaqra Anak sink to 190m at its deepest point. It is essential that the force needed to have created such an enormous cavity would be equal to nearly 300 hiroshima atom-Bomb. The result of such violent is an unforgettable tropical landscape. This fresh water lake is home to a variety of fish, with the most dominant species being Carp and Cat fish.
In the southern shores of Lake Segara Anak grow Gunung Baru, a relativity new Volcano cone which only began to appear in 1942. The cone summit is already approximately 300m above the Lake level and last eruption was 2004.
In close proximity to the camping ground on the shore of the lake are thermal pools which are fed superheat water from the volcano’s underground ducts. The mineral deposits in the spring are said to have incredible healing and medicinal properties.
The Park abounds in wildlife including the Ebony leaf Monkey, Long Tailed Grey macaque, Barking Deer, Leopard Cat, Porcupine, Wild Pig, Sulphur Crested Cockatoo and an abundant number of plant and tree species.
Famed for its tremendous beauty and eerie isolation, Mount Rinjani is Indonesia's second highest mountain outside Irian Jaya. Although it is a dominant geographical phenomenon, its peak is rarely seen from the low lands, as it is often shrouded in cloud.
The Mount Rinjani offers the adventures( Rinjani Trekking ), awesome scenery, waterfall, rain forest, wildlife, hot spring, caves, demanding hiking, pristine lake, interesting culture and of course a volcano.
Gunung Rinjani is considered by all in Lombok and Bali as sacred. it is believed that the gods properties. it s for these reasons that the trek up Rinjani is far more important than just the climb itself; it is a pilgrimage to the god and all their powers.
All about Rinjani Mountain
The Peak of Rinjani
The people of Lombok believe that the peak of Mt. Rinjani is where Dewi Anjani, the Queen apirit and ruler of Mt. Rinjani live. To the south – east from the peak in a sea of dust called “Segara Muncar” is the invisible palace of the queen Dewi Anjani and her follower, They good spirits. According to a story about the queen spirit Dewi Anjani she wa the daughter of a King who would not allow her to marry he boyfriend. At a spring called Mandala she disappeared and changed from the real world to the spirit world.
Mount BARU (new mountain in the meddle of the lake)
Gunung Baru is the name of the new volcano, which emerged in the center of Segara Anak Lake. People believe that gunung baru erupted it will not harm the people of lombok unless the erupted is from the peak of Mt. Rinjani. Some people said that the 1994 gunung baru erupted was caused by spirits who were building something because the stones that erupted were arranged in an orderly and attractive way at the foot of gunung baru. (Around September 2004 gunung baru was erupted again).
Segara Anak Lake
Segara Anak Lake is so wide it appears like the sea with its blue water, the name Segara Anak means child of the Sea. Segara anak Lake holds various mysteries and invisible powers. People feel content to stay a long time in this place because of the large community of the mysterious spirits, which live around the lake. The local people believe that if the lake looks wide when seen at a distance, it is sign they will live to an old age; or if the lake seems narrow, it is a sign of a short age. So in order not to be pessimistic, people quickly purify themselves by lifting up their spirit and calm soul and look at the lake contentedly.
In the area of the lake it forbidden to have sexual intercourse, to complain or say dirty things. We mush be patient when facing problem.
Healing Hot Spring
Aiq Kalak means hot water and it is used to cure various diseases. One of the hot springs named “pengkereman jembangan” which is means a place for dipping. The water, which spurts out of the spring is very hot. Weapon such as kris, sword, big knives, and lances are dipped in the spring to test their magic power. If the weapon become sticky, it mean that the weapon is bad and has no magical power.
However if the weapon remain unchanged it means that the weapon has supernatural power and the strength will be increased.
People also used hot spring to make medicine from coconut cream. After dipping bottle of coconut cream in the hot spring if the liquid become clear and oily it can be use ad medicinal oil. Than the medicinal oil is used for good things and is called “Siu satus tunggal” which means that it can be used to cure a thousand kinds of siseases.
To be Continue--------->